The UNESCO World Heritage Site comprising Old San Juan in Puerto Rico includes several forts. The two most massive are the fortresses of El Morro and San Cristóbal, built by the Spanish during Colonial times. The immense ramparts of these colossal structures are pierced by a labyrinth of tunnels and passageways.
The most prominent of the two fortresses is El Morro, more fully called the Castillo de San Felipe del Morro. It stands at the end of the headland on which Old San Juan is situated, guarding the entrance to San Juan Bay. The original small fort on the site was built in 1539-40, but in the 18th Century it was expanded beyond all recognition. It now covers an area of more than five acres, with six levels that climb 145 feet up the cliff.
If you thought El Morro was big, the Castillo de San Cristóbal is a monster. Its defences extend over an area of roughly 27 acres! It protects the landward side of the Old San Juan peninsula, and was once connected to El Morro, half a mile away, by a network of sturdy walls that surrounded the city at that time.
The first two Jaspa’s Journey adventures, The Great Migration and The Pride of London, are now available in both paperback and ebook formats from all good booksellers! Click here for more information. The third instalment, Jaspa’s Waterloo, is scheduled to be released by Speaking Volumes early next year.
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